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TOMATO PASTE

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Tomato paste is a thick paste that is made by cooking tomatoes for several hours to reduce moisture, straining them to remove the seeds and skin, and cooking them again to reduce them to a thick, rich concentrate.

In contrast, tomato purée is a liquid with a consistency between crushed tomatoes and tomato paste, and consists of tomatoes that have been boiled briefly and strained,

It was traditionally made in parts of Sicily, southern Italy and Malta by spreading out a much-reduced tomato sauce on wooden boards. The boards are set outdoors under the hot August sun to dry the paste until it is thick enough, when scraped up, to hold together in a richly colored, dark ball. Today, this artisan product is harder to find than the industrial (much thinner) version. Commercial production uses tomatoes with thick pericarp walls and lower overall moisture, these are very different from the tomatoes you will find in a supermarket.

 

Depending on its manufacturing conditions, tomato paste can be the basis for making ketchup or reconstituted tomato juice.

Hot break: heated to about 100 °C; pectin is preserved -> thicker -> ketchup
Warm break: heated to about 79 °C; colour is not preserved, but flavour is
Cold break: heated to about 66 °C; colour and flavour is preserved -> juice

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